Google - History & Facts

Google LLC

Google Logo.
TypeSubsidiary (LLC)
IndustryArtificial intelligence
Cloud computing
Computer software
Computer hardware

in Menlo Park, California, United States
Founder(s)Larry Page
Sergey Brin
Headquarters1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, California, U.S.
Area servedWorldwide
Main ProductsWorkspace
Number of employees178,234 (January 2023)
ParentAlphabet Inc.

Google is one of the most recognizable and popular brands in the world. From the search engine that revolutionized the way we find information to the various products and services it offers today, Google has come a long way since its inception in 1998.

Early Years

Google was founded in 1998 by two Ph.D. students at Stanford University, Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The idea for the search engine came about when Page was working on a research project about the World Wide Web. He realized that the links between web pages could be used to determine the relevance of a page to a particular search query. With Brin's help, he developed a prototype search engine that used this concept, which they called Backrub.

In 1997, Backrub was renamed Google, which is a play on the word "googol," a mathematical term for the number 1 followed by 100 zeroes. The name reflected the founders' mission to organize the vast amount of information available on the web and make it accessible to everyone.


Google's search engine quickly gained popularity due to its accuracy and speed. By 2000, it had become the world's largest search engine, with over one billion pages indexed. The company's growth continued, and by 2004, it had gone public, raising $1.67 billion in one of the largest initial public offerings in history.

Over the years, Google has expanded its offerings to include a wide range of products and services. Today, it is not just a search engine but a global technology company with a market capitalization of over $1 trillion.

Larry page and Sergey brin (Google founders).
Larry page and Sergey brin (Google founders).

Google's Products and Services

Search Engine

Google's search engine remains at the core of its business. It processes over 3.5 billion searches per day and has become the go-to source for information for billions of people around the world.


Google's advertising platform, Google Ads, is one of the most popular online advertising tools in the world. It allows businesses of all sizes to reach their target audience and promote their products and services.

Consumer Services

Google offers a wide range of consumer services, including Google Maps, Google Translate, and Google Drive. These services have become an integral part of our daily lives, helping us navigate our way around the world, communicate with people in different languages, and store and share our files online.

Web-based Services

Google's web-based services, such as Gmail and Google Calendar, have become essential tools for many individuals and businesses. These services are free to use and offer a range of features to help people stay organized and productive.


Google's software offerings include the Android operating system, which powers over 2.5 billion devices worldwide, and the Chrome web browser, which has a market share of over 60%.


Google has also entered the hardware market with its line of Pixel smartphones and Nest smart home devices. While these products have not been as successful as some of its other offerings, they demonstrate the company's commitment to innovation and expansion.

Enterprise Services

Google's enterprise services, such as Google Cloud and G Suite, offer businesses a range of tools to help them manage their operations more efficiently. These services are used by thousands of businesses around the world, from small startups to large multinational corporations.

Internet Services

Google has also embarked on ambitious projects to bring internet access to underserved areas of the world. Its Google Fiber project aims to provide high-speed internet to cities across the United States, while its Loon project uses balloons to provide internet access to remote areas.


Google's infrastructure is one of the largest and most advanced in the world. It includes data centers, undersea cables, and satellite networks, all of which are used to deliver its products and services to users around the world.

Carbon Neutrality

Google made a commitment to become carbon neutral by 2020. It has since invested in renewable energy projects and has implemented initiatives to reduce its carbon footprint, such as using electric vehicles and purchasing carbon offsets.

Sundar pichai (CEO of Alphabet and Google).
Sundar pichai (CEO of Alphabet and Google).


Google's philanthropic arm,, has donated millions of dollars to charitable causes around the world. It has focused on areas such as education, health, and economic opportunity, using technology to create innovative solutions to some of the world's most pressing problems.

From its humble beginnings as a search engine to its current status as a global technology giant, Google has come a long way in just over two decades. Its products and services have become an integral part of our daily lives, and its commitment to innovation and expansion shows no signs of slowing down. As we look to the future, it is clear that Google will continue to play a major role in shaping the world of technology and beyond.